Les isoflavones de soja dans le traitement de la ménopause
Soy isoflavones for the treatment of menopausal women
Recently published risk/benefit studies on hormone replacement therapies which have been given a lot of media coverage, have caused a fair amount of apprehension amongst menopausal women, leading them to look for alternative treatments for the symptoms of menopause. Scientists and food supplement manufacturers have used epidemiological studiesearned out amongst the Asian migrant population to promote the beneficial effects of phytoestrogens, in particular soy isoflavones. The significant increase in both soy consumption and the consumption of soy isofiavone food supplem ents in France has lead the French authorities to organize a French committee of experts to assess the risks and benefits of soy consumption. After a brief history of soy cultivation, this review focuses on current knowledge about soy isoflavones, their metabolisms and their main physiological effects on menopausal women.
S. VERGNE, P. SAUVANT
Soy isoflavones, Metabolism, Menopausal women, Climateric symptoms, Cancer, Cardiovascular diseases, Osteoporosis